Hypertension causes and effects
When blood pressure is high, blood vessels and organs such as the heart, kidney and brain, are persistently under increased pressure. As a result, hypertension can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Hypertension needs to be diagnosed, so it can be managed properly.
Hypertension can be the result of genetics (it can run in families) or the result of lifestyle choices. Risk factors include: age, gender, excessive alcohol intake, lack of physical activity, excess weight, excessive salt intake, smoking and stress.
Blood pressure tends to rise with age as well.1
Counteracting behavioural risk factors is a first step in addressing or preventing hypertension.2
1. National Institutes of Health. National heart, lung and blood institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/atrisk
2. World Health Organisation. A global brief on hypertension Silent killer, public health crisis. WHO 2013.